Anne Helmond, Erik Hekman, Kate Miltner, Molly Kalan, Bazilah Talip, Sarietha Engelbrecht (thanks Bernhard Rieder & Erik Borra!)
Most recently, Mizuno sneaker product page emerged as a site on which Amazon reviewers shared their opinions via snarky or sarcastic reviews - other reviewers have done this before, on both politically charged products or products that may be found outrageous or ironic (i.e. the Hutzler banana slicer, or the 3 moon wolf t-shirt). We were interested in exploring mock reviews on Amazon, which - according to Amy Johnson, "challenge traditional constructions of the public sphere, for they re-imagine it with regard to discourse, participants, and venue" (2013). Mock reviews on Amazon work within the space created by Amazon.com itself; community members engage in snark and sarcasm within this system. Within the scope of the snark comment community, we considered 3 products that focus on specific issues, each touching on a political or gendered issue (Mizuno sneakers, Avery binder, Bic pen for her).
Wendy Davis prepared for a 13 hour filibuster to prevent the passing of a bill that seriously restricted abortion laws in Texas; she wore a pair of pink Mizuno Wave Rider 16 sneakers. During the filibuster she wasnt allowed to sit, or even lean on anything, for the entire time. Comments on the Amazon product page for the Mizuno sneakers rally around Wendy (#StandWithWendy and #istandwithwendy were being used on Twitter) and her taking down of the patriarchy. The Amazon review of the Mizuno sneakers received a lot of press coverage. It appeared on Jezebel and major news sites including The Washington Post,Time, ABC News and the NY Daily News. Within 48 hours of the filibuster, upwards of 40 Davis-related reviews were submitted to the Mizuno Wave Rider Amazon page. The product page of the shoes became a space in which people commented on this political moment - generally supporters of Davis actions.
During the second debate in the 2012 US presidential election, the phrase binders full of women was used by Mitt Romney in reference to women in the workplace and gender equality more broadly. There was an immediate response to what was largely regarded as a political gaffe, as image macros featuring the phrase circulated on Twitter and a Tumblr blog was created cataloguing the images. Reddit and Facebook quickly became other places where the phrase was used. The same day of the election, snarky Amazon reviews began being posted online.
The Bic For Her pen was released in 2011, but was widely covered in the news after Amazon reviews began to accumulate. Jezebel wrote an article in 2011 that was in the same snarky tone as the reviews. Reviews started to pick up at the end of August 2012 and they received a great deal of coverage online. In October Ellen Degeneres spoofed the idea of a pen for women on her show. In April the following year George Takei shared the link to the review on his Facebook page which lead to another huge spike in reviews and comments.
To what degree is there overlap between the various mock commenters in Amazon? (Is there a mock review culture?)
Is this activity being generated organically or through organized activity? Can we trace this?
To collect and process Amazon reviews and corresponding data we built our own scraping software (node.js). This tool collected information about 31 Amazon products which were later used for various data analyses.
We used Gephi for data visualisation
Google Refine was used to filter data.
Step 1: Select products
The products that we focused on were manually identified based on mentions and consistent coverage in news articles. Core review article within this space, snowballed through recommendation engine itself by other people have viewed. We looked at amazon.com, lolreviews.com and knowyourmemes.
Step 2: Scrape data
For each product page, reviewer names and attributes or the review and reviewer were scraped.
We went into the comment history of reviewers to see if they have also reviewed other products. For each reviewer we scraped other products they have reviewed too.
List of products + reviewers per product.
List of reviewers + list of products they have reviewed
The reviews on Amazon were collected on Wednesday (3th of July). For every product the amount of reviews (and thus subpages) were determined. Each product and corresponding subpages were collected and stored locally for further processing. The data was exported to CSV for later further analyses and correlations.
Step 3: Create Networks
We combined the data and created network using Table2Net
We then imported this data into Gephi to show us the main commenters and connections between products and commenters to see whether product reviews were issue-based or user-based.
Step 4: Plot reviews over time to indicate spikes and find sources of spikes
From 31 products, we used three products for deeper analysis: The Mizuno Wave Rider 16 sneaker, the Avery Binder and the Bic for Her pen. The following steps were used to create a line graphs of reviews on certain days in order to show spikes in reviews.
The CSV files for these products were imported to Google Refine. Selections were then exported into Excel for graph development.
In Excel: Go to date > edit cells >common transforms >to date
Copy all dates. Paste dates into a separate empty column on the right of your document
Go to DATA menu > Advanced Filter > Unique records only
Once all unique dates have been filtered, copy list
Add a new column (UNIQUE DATES), paste into sheet
In new column next to UNIQUE DATES, type = COUNTIF (range, criteria)
Range = ALL dates (2nd column)
Criteria = First date
Then drag formula all the way down to the final unique date for autofill
Copy unique dates and date counts and Paste Special -> VALUES AND NUMBER FORMATS
Amazon product recommendation:
Case studies - timeline: